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Protect the Environment and It will Protect you!



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King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
Environment, Health and Safety Department
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What is Safety?

Safety is the control of recognized hazards to attain an acceptable level of risk. The acceptable level of risk is "ZERO ACCIDENTS".

Why Safety is Important?

The benefits of maintaining a safe work environment are many, but first and foremost, safety is about what you can do to protect yourself from hazards. A serious workplace injury or death changes lives forever - for families, friends, communities, and coworkers too. Human loss and suffering is immeasurable.
So Safety First turns out to save lives, time and gain in more progress for the university.

What is hazard?

A hazard is any source of potential damage, harm or adverse health effects on something or someone under certain conditions at work.
Workplace hazards can come from a wide range of sources. General examples include any substance, material, process, practice, etc. that has the ability to cause harm or adverse health effect to a person under certain conditions.

What is Risk?

Risk is the chance or probability that a person will be harmed or experience an adverse health effect if exposed to a hazard. It may also apply to situations with property or equipment loss.
For example: The risk of developing cancer from smoking cigarettes could be expressed as "cigarette smokers are 12 times (for example) more likely to die of lung cancer than non-smokers".

What is risk assessment?

Risk assessment is the process where you:

  1. Identify hazards,
  2. Analyze or evaluate the risk associated with that hazard, and
  3. Determine appropriate ways to eliminate or control the hazard.

Risk assessment form can be viewed in documents and procedures of EHS website.

What is near miss?

An unplanned event that doesn't cause damage of people, property and environment but it could cause an accident.
All the near misses should be filed and reported.

What is an Accident?

An undesired and unplanned event that results in harm to people, damage to property, adverse impact over environment and suffering to local community.

What is an Incident?

Incident is an undesired event that has potential to cause harm to a person or damage equipment or property or any of these.
Example may include "operating equipment without utilizing the required guards or personal protective equipment".
All the accidents are also incidents, but all incidents need not be accidents.

How to report an emergency in campus?

Follow the instructions below for emergency reporting in the campus.

  1. Stay calm and dial 999 from landline or 0138609999 from mobile phone.
  2. Provide the details to emergency operator such as your name, nature of accident and its exact location.
  3. Stay on the line, speak clearly and answer the operator's questions.
  4. Don't hang up until the operator has all the information they need.

Do I need to evacuate every time the fire alarm sounds?

Yes! Faculty, staff and students are required to immediately evacuate the building when a fire alarm sounds. Never assume fire alarm activation indicates a false alarm. Always assume that the situation is a real threat.

Where should I go in the event of an emergency i.e. fire?

Evacuation maps and plans are posted throughout all buildings at each level. Evacuate the building using the nearest safe exit and gather in the assembly point.

What are PPE's?

Personal protective equipment (PPE) is anything used or worn by a person to minimize a risk to the person's health or safety.
PPE includes items such as:

  • Eye Protection for example, goggles, glasses and face shields
  • Hearing Protection for example, ear plugs and ear muffs
  • Respiratory Protection for example, filter respirators, and SCBA
  • Foot Protection for example, safety shoes and boots
  • Head Protection for example, hard hats and helmets
  • Body Protection for example, aprons, Lab coats and gloves

What is OSHA?

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is a United State organization (part of the Department of Labor) that ensures safe and healthy working conditions by enforcing standards and providing workplace safety training.
OSHA is created in response to the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. OSHA's main goal is to protect the rights and safety of workers by preventing workplace injuries and deaths and holding employers accountable for safe workplaces.
OSHA provides workers and employers with information (Standards) about hazardous working conditions.

What is MSDS?

Material  Safety  Data  Sheet  (MSDS)  is  a  document  that gives detailed information about the nature of a chemical, such as physical and chemical properties, health, safety, fire, and  environmental  hazards  of  a chemical product. MSDS also tells how to work safely with a chemical and what to do if there is an accidental spill.

What are the fire classes?

Class A - Involve ordinary combustible materials such as paper, wood etc.
Class B - Involve flammable or combustible liquids such as gasoline, kerosene etc.
Class C - Involve electrical equipment, such as appliances, wiring, circuit breakers etc.
Class D - Involve Combustible metals, such as magnesium, titanium, potassium, sodium etc.
Class K - Involve Kitchen type, such as cooking oils, trans-fats, or fats in cooking appliances etc.

How to select a fire extinguisher for extinguishing a fire?

First of all get familiar with the class of fire that is burning. Then select the correct fire extinguisher that can be used against the certain class of fire. Normally the class of fire is labeled on the fire extinguisher for guidance.

How to use a Fire Extinguisher?

Remember the PASS rule for extinguishing the fire.

P - Pull the pin
A - Aim low at the base of flame
S - Squeeze the handle
S - Sweep side to side

Can I Smoke in the campus workplace building?

No, smoking is strictly prohibited in the campus except the separate designated locations.

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